Good Samaritan laws are designed to provide protection to those who render emergency aid to people in distress. The idea behind the statute is that someone should not be sued if they are trying to do a good deed and help someone even when there is no legal duty to help another. The policy reason behind good Samaritan laws is that without such laws, some people may avoid helping others for fear of being sued.
These laws vary from state to state, but most provide protection from ordinary negligence. The good Samaritan must be really, really negligent (called gross negligence ) in order to be liable. Tennessee’s good Samaritan law provides protection to those who render emergency aid unless those individuals act with gross negligence. Texas law provides protection to those who in good faith administer emergency care unless they are willfully or wantonly negligent.