. American born England, b. 1954.
Genres: International relations/Current affairs.
Career: BBC-TV, consultant, 1981-83; Radio Free Europe, senior research analyst, 1984-85; Center for Strategic and International Studies, director of east European studies, 1986-; American University, adjunct lecturer, 1991; Smithsonian Institution, Foreign Service Institute, Woodrow Wilson Center, lecturer; International Republican Institute, consultant; International Research and Exchanges Board, consultant; Institute for Democracy in Eastern Europe, consultant.
Publications: Czechoslovakia: Charter 77â€™s Decade of Dissent, 1987; with M. Pollack East European Fault Lines, 1989; Sandinista Communism and Rural Nicaragua, 1990; Fourth World Conflicts: Communism and Rural Societies, 1991; Nations in Turmoil: Conflict and Cooperation in Eastern Europe, 1993, rev. ed., 1995; Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe, 1994; Political Parties of Eastern Europe: A Guide to Politics in the Post-Communist Era, 2002; ed. Toward an Understanding of Russia, 2002; Cold Peace: Russiaâ€™s New Imperialism, 2004; with I. Teleki Americaâ€™s New Allies:Central-Eastern Europe and the Future of the Transatlantic Link, 2006; with J. Bugajski Atlantic Bridges: Americaâ€™s New European Allies, 2007; Eastern Dimension of Americaâ€™s New European Allies, 2007; co-author Ukraine: A Net Assessment of 16 Years of Independence, 2008; Expanding Eurasia: Russiaâ€™s European Ambitions, 2008; Americaâ€™s New European Allies, 2009. Contributor to periodicals and encyclopedias.
Address: Ctr. for Strategic & Intl. Studies, 1800 K St. NW, Washington, DC 20006, U.S.A.
Online Address: email@example.com