Louisa Catherine ADAMS Biography

American first lady. Born Louisa or Catherine. Born Louisa Catherine Johnson in London, England, Feb 12, 1775; died in Washington, DC, May 15, 1852; dau. of Joshua Johnson (American merchant) and Catherine (Nuth or Young; Englishwoman) Johnson; m. John Quincy Adams, July 26, 1797 (US president, died 1848); children: George Washington (1801–1828), John II (1803–1833); Charles Francis (b. 1807); Louisa Catherine Adams II (1811–1812).

Wife and political partner of John Quincy Adams who wrote about crucial national and diplomatic events of early republican America, everyday life in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and her 50-year alliance with America’s preeminent ruling family; moved with family to France (1778); moved back to England (1782); met John Quincy Adams (1795); joined him on diplomatic mission in Prussia (1797–1801); sailed with family to America (1801); became a senator’s wife (1803–08); joined husband in diplomatic mission to Russia (1808– 15); journeyed alone from St. Petersburg to Paris (1815); went on diplomatic mission to England (1815–17); returned to America as wife to secretary of state and to campaign for husband’s presidency (1817–24); organized the Jackson Ball (1824); served as 1st lady (1824–28), then retired to Quincy, MA; returned to Washington as US representative’s wife (1830).