Use of methods other than surgery to control symptoms, such as those of Parkinson’s disease. These typically include medications (pharmacotherapy), physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and other therapeutic approaches that target helping the person with Parkinson’s to remain as independent and mobile as possible. The most effective approach is for the person with Parkinson’s (or the primary caregiver) to work closely with one physician who serves as the point person for medical decisions. Although specialists such as neurologists should be at the forefront of ensuring a proper care plan for Parkinson’s disease, it is important that the primary care physician and other specialist physicians who care for the person with Parkinson’s disease have good communication with each other. Many conditions such as Parkinson’s have many elements that necessitate the involvement of specialists, but steps should be taken to avoid having care become too fragmented. When one physician has a good overview of a person’s condition medical management is more likely to remain on track.