A sleep medication in the benzodi-azepine family of drugs. Temazepam (Restoril) is fast-acting, generally producing significant drowsiness within 30 minutes. Its effect lasts about six hours, helping to prevent waking in the middle of the night. Most people do not feel any lingering effects the next morning. Its intended action is to produce drowsiness, which alters judgment and balance. A person who gets up during the night, for instance, to use the bathroom, may be disoriented and confused and experience difficulty with coordination. This condition increases the risk of problems such as FALLS.
As with other benzodiazepines, resistance and dependence can develop when temazepam is used for more than a few weeks; this risk is highest with short-acting agents such as alprazolam (Xanax), triazdam (Halcion), and oxazepam (Serax). Other medications, particularly other benzodiazepines taken as muscle relaxants or as antianxiety medications, that cause drowsiness can result with pronounced sleepiness. Benzodiazepines doctors often prescribe for people with Parkinson’s include lorazEpam (Ativan) and clonazEpam (Klonopin). Some anti-Parkinson’s medications also cause drowsiness, including dopaminergics such as lev-odopa and dopaminE agonist medications such as bromocriptinE (Parlodel).