Archivos de la categoría: Parkinson disease

What is electroencephalogram (EEC)

A recording of the brain’s electrical activity made primarily to rule out other causes of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. In the person with Parkinson’s the EEG result is generally normal, although some people have a diffuse ...

What is domperidone

A peripheral dopamine receptor agonist drug taken in addition to levodopa or dopamine agonist medications to relieve the nausea that these anti-parkinson’s medications, particularly apomorphine administered as a recovery drug, can...

What is Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)

A rare, progressive, and fatal condition that causes brain tissue to waste away, resulting in a characteristic spongelike appearance of the brain that is apparent at autopsy. Most cases of traditional CJD are random, although the ...

What is cholinergic neuron

A nerve cell that produces acetylcholine, a NEUROTRANSMITTER that has a key role in movement. Cholinergic and dopaminergic neurons comprise much of the structure of the basal ganglia, the part of the brain that regulates muscle mo...

What is botulinum toxin therapy

Treatment for spasticity and dystonia that consists of injecting small amounts of botulinum toxin into the affected muscles to paralyze them. Botulinum toxin is a protein that blocks acetylcholine release. If botulinum toxin enter...

What is automatic reflexes

Spontaneous actions the body takes without conscious awareness or intervention, such as swallowing and blinking. In Parkinson’s disease automatic reflexes, which are regulated by the autonomic nervous system, gradually diminish an...

What is Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Federal legislation passed in the United States in 1990 to give persons with disabilities equitable access to employment, housing, transportation, and other opportunities. In brief, the ADA requires businesses (except the federal ...

What is acetylcholinesterase

An enzyme (substance that facilitates chemical reactions) cholinergic neurons produce that breaks down acetylcholine into its two chemical components, choline and acetate. This process ends the acetylcholine cycle of activity. The...